- Have you noticed that you have excess gums?
- Do your teeth look too short compared to your gums?
- When you smile do your teeth and gums look out of proportion?
- Do you feel self-conscious about the appearance of your gums?
- Do you want a solution to give you the smile you have always wanted?
If you have answered yes to any of those questions, you are in the right place. Excess gums are also known as a “gummy smile” and it is something that can be corrected. At Painfree Dentistry we offer procedures that can treat excess gums successfully so you can have your perfect smile.
What Causes a Gummy Smile?
A variety of things can cause excessive gums on your upper jaw. One of the common reasons is the abnormal eruption of your teeth. Even though your teeth may look short they might actually be the proper length but are just covered by the extra gum.
Another cause could be the muscle that controls your upper lip movement, it might be hyperactive. This results in the upper lip rising higher than normal. When this is the case more gum tissues are visible when you smile.
It can also be caused by how your upper jaw bone has grown and developed. In cases like this, it could be because there was a protrusion in the upper jaw in the gum tissue. This would then result in your smile looking gummy.
Your dentist will find out the cause and discuss it and discuss how to treat the issue.
Is Excess Gums Just a Cosmetic Issue?
Excess gums are not just a cosmetic issue in some cases it can be the sign that other dental conditions are present.
In a lot of cases, the gummy smile is caused by an unbalanced smile line. The smile line is the teeth that are shown when you are smiling. Your smile line is determined by:
- Your facial muscles
- Gum tissue
- Size and shape of your lips
- Size and shape of teeth
The best smile line has a balance of these which creates a proportionate look.
In some cases, a gummy smile is more than just an unbalance. The reason behind your excess gums could result in more dental problems in the future. This would be the case if the gummy smile was caused by jaw development and teeth eruption. If there was an issue there then it could result in an uncomfortable bite that will affect your oral health further down the line.
Treatments for a Gummy Smile
If you have concerns about your gums then visit your dentist. This way you can be examined, the issue can be diagnosed and you can talk about your treatment options. During your examination, the dentist will look at your teeth, gums and mouth. This will show the amount of excess gum you have and a possible cause behind it. You should expect an impression of your teeth and gums to be taken. An x-ray may also be done. Depending on what is found you will be given a treatment plan and could be referred to a specialist such as an orthodontist.
Every patient is different but some common treatments for this issue include:
- Surgical lip repositioning
- Orthodontics / Braces
- For minor cases, a same day laser treatment
- Surgical sculpting
- Maxillofacial surgery
- Crown Lengthening
An example of one of these treatments is crown lengthening. For this procedure, the excess gum tissue will be removed. This will expose more of the tooth that was hidden. This treatment can be done on one or multiple teeth. The finished result will be an even smile with less gum. This treatment has many benefits including better gum health, comfort when eating and confidence when smiling.